Each year on October 24, the United Nations (U.N.) commemorates the inception of its Charter in 1945. The primary missions of the U.N. include maintaining world peace, promoting international cooperation and supporting economic, social and humanitarian activities. In 2000, the member states adopted the so-called Millennium Development Goals, which they endeavored to achieve by the end of 2015. These goals included eight points such as combating hunger and poverty, universal school education or fighting disease.
However, not all of the Millennium Goals were achieved. For example, gender inequality is still prevalent. Women are at greater risk of poverty than men. In the developing regions, children from the poorest homes are four times less likely to attend school than those from the most affluent homes. And conflicts continue to pose the greatest risk to human development. On the other hand, the organization has made progress in reducing maternal mortality, and the child mortality rate has also fallen. What’s more, extreme poverty has declined substantially over the past 20 years.
Motivated by the desire to create a livable world, the United Nations therefore adopted a total of 17 goals for sustainable development that all countries will attempt to implement by 2030. These objectives represent the continuation of the Millennium Goals with the addition of new challenges. They combine social, ecological and economic sustainability with the aim of protecting the planet and the environment, fighting inequality and creating peaceful, just and inclusive societies.